AUSTRALIA

Australia, officially named as Commonwealth of Australia, is one of
the most happening places in the world for one to live and study. In
context of size, it is the sixth largest country and holds a position of
pride as one of the most developed nations of the world.
AUSTRALIA WELCOMES

YOU

The country ranks highly in quality of life, health, education, economic freedom
and civil liberties. We firmly believe you are sure to enjoy your time here!
Australia’s spectacular natural beauty, with the gorgeous beaches and stunning
landscapes make every day feel like a holiday. Whether you are a student, a
skilled professional, or a business person looking for attractive investment and
expansion opportunities, Australia and its people always welcomes you.

Happy group of English students in the Australia

FACTS & FIGURES


Located in the Southern Hemisphere between the Indian and Pacific Ocean.


Covers an area of nearly 7.7 million square kilometres.


The 6th largest country in the world and it is the only nation to govern an
entire continent.


Officially called the Commonwealth of Australia.


Located in The Australian Capital Territory, capital city is Canberra with a
population of approximately 450,000.


The largest city in Australia is Sydney in the state of New South Wales with a
population of over 5.0 million and famous for landmark buildings including
the Sydney Opera House and the Sydney Harbour Bridge.


Current population is nearly 25 million


HISTORY

Despite the great age of the Australian continent, its recorded history is only very recent. It is
usually held that the earliest human population arrived over 50000 years ago from South East

Asia named as Aboriginal People.

The second big settlement started when European exploration of Australia began in 1606
when a Spanish navigator sailed through the Torres Strait, which separates Australia from

Papua New Guinea. He was soon followed by Dutch, French and English explorers who began

to chart the continent.

In 1770, Captain James Cook chartered the east coast and claimed it for Britain.


CURRENCY

Australia’s national currency is the Australian dollar which comes in denominations of $5,
$10, $20, $50 and $100 notes. Coins are 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents and one & two dollar
denominations. Colourful notes depict famous Australians both past and present.
In 1996 Australia became the first country in the world to have a complete series of polymer

(plastic) notes.

GEOGRAPHY

Australia is a land of contrasts: sweeping golden beaches, coral reefs rich with marine life,
tropical rainforests, mountain ranges, vast grazing lands and sparse deserts.
One of the oldest continents, Australia is as wide as the distance from Kuala Lumpur to Taipei
and as long as the distance from Singapore to Manila. It is the only country to occupy an
entire continent covering the total area of 7.69 million square kilometres. Australia is world’s

largest island but smallest continent.

It Consists Of Six States And Two Territories Which

Are As Follows:

STATE AND TERRITORIES POPULATION IN MILLION UNEMPLOYMENT RATE MAIN CITY

New South Wales 7.73 5.0% Sydney

Victoria 6.07 5.7% Melbourne

Queensland 4.84 6.3% Brisbane

Western Australia 2.62 6.5% Perth

South Australia 1.71 6.4% Adelaide

Tasmania 0.52 5.6% Hobart

Australian Capital Territory 0.45 3.7% Canberra

Northern Territory 0.24 4.0% Darwin

MAP & CLIMATE

Things you should know before you move to Australia:


The Australian climate is not just hot – it offers a climate to suit everyone
across its eight states and territories.


Situated in the southern hemisphere, Australia’s seasons are at opposite
times to the northern hemisphere i.e. summer starts in December, autumn in
March, winter in June and spring in September.


Australia’s tropical region also has a ‘wet’ and a ‘dry’ season.


Australia’s north is hotter, where its tropics and outback are located.


Australia’s south is typically cooler, with the southernmost state, Tasmania,
receiving an icy breeze from Antarctica.

MULTICULTURAL

Australian society is made up of people from a rich variety of cultural,
ethnic, linguistic and religious backgrounds, and this is a defining

feature of modern Australian society.

Since 1945 more than six million people from across the world have come to
Australia as migrants to live. Today, more than 20 per cent of Australians are
foreign born and more than 40 per cent are of mixed cultural origin. Most
homes speak 226 languages – after English, the most popular are Italian,
Greek, Cantonese and Arabic. The rich cultural diversity is reflected in food,
which embraces most of the world’s cuisines and artfully fuses quite a few of
them. You’ll find European flavours, the tantalising spices of Asia, Africa and
the Middle East and bush tucker from the backyard on offer everywhere from
street stalls to five star restaurants.
Tuck into Thai takeaway, dine out on perfect Italian pasta, do tapas in our
city’s Spanish strips and feast on dumplings in Chinatown. You can also
embrace our melting pot of cultures in the many colourful festivals. See
samba and capoeira at Bondi’s Brazilian South American festival, dance
behind the dragon parade during Chinese New Year or stroll through streets
transformed into a lively piazza during the annual Italian celebrations. As a
nation, we embrace a rainbow of religious belief and you’ll find Catholic and
Anglican churches, Hindu, Sikh and Buddhist temples, mosques and
synagogues lining our streets.

ECONOMY

Australia has a developed modern market economy and has had one
of the most outstanding economies of the world in recent years with

high-growth, low-inflation and also low interest rates.

Over the past decade, inflation has typically been 2–3% and the base interest
rate 5–6% only. There is an efficient government sector, a flexible labour
market and a very competitive business sector. Since 1992 Australia has
averaged greater than 3 per cent economic growth and recorded over 17
consecutive years. This economic stability places Australia in the top echelon
of developed countries in terms of sustained rates of growth. The Australian
economy is dominated by its service sector, representing 68% of Australian
GDP. The agricultural and mining sectors account for 57% of the nation’s
exports. With its abundant physical resources, Australia has enjoyed a high
standard of living since the nineteenth century.
Australia is a major exporter of agricultural products, particularly wheat and
wool, minerals such as iron-ore and gold, and energy in the forms of liquefied
natural gas and coal. It has made a comparatively large investment in social
infrastructure, including education, training, health and transport. According
to the Reserve Bank of Australia, Australian per capita GDP growth is higher
than that of New Zealand, US, Canada and The Netherlands. The past
performance of the Australian economy has been heavily influenced by US,
Japanese and Chinese economic growth.

GOVERNMENT

The government is divided into three levels: Federal, State and Local.
The Federal government is the national system and is headed by the

Prime Minister

Its responsibilities are defined in the Australian Constitution. Each
state/territory also has its own government system, headed by the
Premier. The state government provides leadership for areas not
covered at the federal level, although the two work together when it is
agreed there needs to be national co-operation.
Apart from the Australian Capital Territory, which is wholly governed by
the federal and state governments, each other state and territory is
divided into different regions, which form the local government. This

level takes care of domestic issues in each area, such as rubbish
collection, public and community services.

We hope that we were able to provide you much information
about Australia. Despite maximum research individual
experiences can also vary. We look forward to assisting and
wishing you good luck in your professional progression.